Photo: NASA/CXC/Univ. of Oklahoma/X. Dai et al
Black hole located in the constellation Pegasus
It rotates on its axis at nearly the speed of light. Such scientists have observed for the first time.
NASA announced the discovery of an unusual black hole that moves around its axis at nearly the speed of light. To discover its managed in one of the galaxies in the constellation Pegasus using the Chandra x-ray Observatory. About it writes the Astrophysical Journal.
“Measurements of rotational velocities of black holes are very important to us because they reflect how growing these giants, how they interacted with other regions of galaxies and how they look to their immediate surroundings,” – said in the text of the study.
Like whirlpools in the ocean, rotating black holes in the space create a moving flow around them. However, black holes do not create eddies of wind or water. Rather, they generate disks of gas and dust heated to hundreds of millions of degrees that glow in x-ray light.
Astronomers used Chandra and gravitational lensing to study the six quasars, each of which consists of a supermassive black hole, quickly absorbing substance from the surrounding accretion disk.
Stated in the work object in the constellation of Pegasus is 8 billion light-years from Earth. Other black holes have a speed two times smaller. What is the cause of high-speed rotation of the detected object, scientists still can not explain.
Earlier it was reported that astronomers for the first time showed the “shadow” of a black hole. Managed to get it using the virtual Observatory Event Horizon Telescope.
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